Accounts like these weren’t taken very seriously until the 1990s, says Michael McCormick, a history professor at Harvard University and co-author of the Antiquity paper. That decade, researchers examined tree rings in Ireland and found that something weird did happen around 536. Summers in Europe and Asia became 35°F to 37°F colder, with China even reporting summer snow. This Late Antique Little Ice Age, as it’s known, came about when volcanic ash blocked out the sun.
CLIMATE CHANGECULTURE & HISTORYESOTERICAHEROIC HISTORY
HEROIC HISTORYNATO GANGSTERISMNAZIS & FASCISTSRUSSIA & NOVOROSSIYARUSSOPHOBIA
V. PUTIN—Today, European politicians, and Polish leaders in particular, wish to sweep the Munich Betrayal under the carpet. Why? The fact that their countries once broke their commitments and supported the Munich Betrayal, with some of them even participating in divvying up the take, is not the only reason. Another is that it is kind of embarrassing to recall that during those dramatic days of 1938, the Soviet Union was the only one to stand up for Czechoslovakia. The Soviet Union, in accordance with its international obligations, including agreements with France and Czechoslovakia, tried to prevent the tragedy from happening. Meanwhile, Poland, in pursuit of its interests, was doing its utmost to hamper the establishment of a collective security system in Europe.
HEROIC HISTORYHISTORYNAZIS & FASCISTSRUSSIA & NOVOROSSIYARUSSIA DESKRUSSIAN MIGHTWORLD DESK
An excerpt form the popular Russian talk show “An evening with Vladimir Solovyov”. Translated and subtitled by Eugenia. A well-known Russian filmmaker Karen Shakhnazarov discusses the meaning of the WWII memory for the Russian society and the Russian people. The context of the discussion was the proposed constitutional amendments. Translator’s notes: (1) The Soviet division consisted of 10,000 soldiers. (2) The British light cruiser Edinburgh carrying 5.5 tons of the Russian gold as payment for Western supplies was sunk by a German submarine on its way home from the Soviet port Murmansk in April of 1942. Shakhnazarov mistakenly said that it happened in 1941.
AMERICAN STUDIESHEALTH & MEDICINEHEROIC HISTORYWESTERN EXCEPTIONALISM
GEORGE ELIASON—I used to build decontamination chambers and work in hazardous environments, hence I’m familiar with hazmat protocols, including locked high radiation situations. People working in hazardous environments do so confidently because of the knowledge ensuring they can perceive their world without fear and the simple steps they take, to keep both them and their families safe. If you perceive the world the same way, you take the fear of the unknown out of the equation and are taking all the proactive steps that are possible.
ANTI-MILITARISM & PACIFISTHEROIC HISTORYReligion & SpiritualityRELIGIOSITY & SUPERSTITION
ED CURTIN—In 2007 the Catholic Church declared Jägerstätter a martyr and beatified him. The irony of making a saint out of a man whose spiritual witness was opposed by the institutional church authorities cannot be lost on a thinking person. Long dead, safely in his grave, a monument can be erected to his memory. [As, by official overpraise we also defanged the meaning and legacy of Martin Luther King.—Ed]