Which way forward for France’s “yellow vest” protests?

By Alex Lantier, wsws.org

Yellow Vests hung outside apartment building, in sign of support.  Many continue to approve of the Gilets Jaunes activities, even when the media describes them as violent or wantonly disruptive.

With the fourth Saturday of “yellow vest” protests against President Emmanuel Macron, a mass movement is clearly emerging among workers against the capitalist system. Macron’s withdrawal of the regressive fuel tax hike that initially triggered the protest resolved nothing. Among the “yellow vests,” demands for social equality, large wage increases, Macron’s ouster, eliminating the privileges of the super rich, an end to militarism, and for general strikes and a revolution are coming to the fore.

Claims that the [soviet] bureaucracy’s dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 marked the end of the class struggle, the final triumph of capitalist democracy, or the End of History have been blown to pieces. As “yellow vest” protests spread from France to Belgium and the Netherlands, Bulgaria, and as far as Iraq—where workers in Basra donned yellow vests to protest NATO’s neocolonial regime—the international working class is emerging in struggle against the diktat of the banks.

Saturday’s massive crackdown was a searing lesson in the character of bourgeois democracy: as soon as there is any expression of genuine popular opposition, the guns come out. After riot police backed with military armored vehicles and water cannon kettled and assaulted peaceful protesters starting early in the day, violent clashes erupted in all France’s largest cities. A record 1,385 people were arrested.

The “yellow vest” protests are now at a critical stage. The movement has provoked a confrontation not just with the president of the rich, but the entire regime of the rich. Most leading figures in the “yellow vest” movement continue to turn down offers of talks from the political establishment: Macron’s token concessions, binding arbitration by the union bureaucracies, or proposals of an alliance from Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s Unsubmissive France party. The demonstrators also remain overwhelmingly popular.

The danger, however, is that without a clear political perspective and orientation for a broader struggle against Macron, the movement can be frittered away in fruitless protest actions, or subordinated to the maneuvers of the ruling elite.

The “yellow vest” protesters are fully justified in their mistrust of all those who try to tie them to fruitless, reactionary deals with Macron. There is nothing to negotiate with Macron, the ruthless representative of the banks; begging the capitalist politicians sitting in the National Assembly to serve the people will likewise bring only disappointment.
The question of political leadership is central. It is significant that some “yellow vest” groups like that in Commercy are calling for building popular committees to decide upon and coordinate the activities of the movement. What is developing, in a highly embryonic form, is dual power. Against the bankers’ government, protected by its hordes of riot police, the specter of separate and opposed institutions, representing and organizing the workers in struggle, is beginning to emerge.

These events underscore the contemporary significance of Leon Trotsky’s call to form committees of action, just before the 1936 French general strike. Such bodies can unify strike struggles and protests by different sections of workers and youth, keep them from being isolated and sold out by the union bureaucracies, and provide a rallying point for the vast opposition among broader masses of workers. This provides a basis for mobilizing the deep opposition within the working class to the austerity drive by Macron and the European Union.

Trotsky stressed that for workers, such committees were the “only means of breaking the anti-revolutionary opposition of the trade union and party apparatus.” This is critical today, as workers run straight into the vicious hostility of the unions and allied political parties of the affluent middle class. These forces are desperate to preserve their privileges, by blocking an independent struggle of the working class against Macron and his government of the rich.

Not a single established political tendency in France has responded to the “yellow vest” movement, which objectively raises the issue of a challenge to the capitalist system, in a progressive manner. Daniel Cohn-Bendit, the middle-class student leader in May 1968, shamelessly slandered it as fascistic, telling Germany’s taz newpaper that “the large majority of the yellow vest movement comes from the National Front, from the reservoir of the extreme right.”

General Confederation of Labor (CGT) union leader Philippe Martinez insinuated the same thing, darkly hinting that the “yellow vests” are “people we can’t be seen with.” Now, after calling off a truckers’ strike, the CGT is calling a symbolic, one-day rail strike on December 14.

The middle-class New Anticapitalist Party (NPA) aims to use this cynical maneuver to drive the “yellow vests” into the grip of the unions. It called on “yellow vests” to ask Martinez to let them join a general strike controlled by the CGT: “Combative unions and yellow vests should ask or even impose this perspective on the national union leaderships, starting with a real general strike call for the ‘yellow vest’ protest on December 14.”

Under cover of such maneuvers, the ruling class hopes to subordinate the protesters to the unions and the state machine. “The entire political system is shaken,” the Journal du dimanche wrote, but Saturday’s police repression “has given the government maneuvering room, a breath of fresh air.” It hailed the fact that Prime Minister Edouard Philippe concluded his brief speech on Saturday night by saying: “And now for dialog!”

The “yellow vest” protesters are fully justified in their mistrust of all those who try to tie them to fruitless, reactionary deals with Macron. There is nothing to negotiate with Macron, the ruthless representative of the banks; begging the capitalist politicians sitting in the National Assembly to serve the people will likewise bring only disappointment.

The critical task is a political struggle against the Macron government and the power of the banks. In this era of globalized capitalism and international finance, trade and supply chains, this signifies an international struggle on the basis of a genuine socialist program: to expropriate the obscene fortunes of the financial aristocracy, and place the resources of world economy under the democratic control of working people.

This program flows from the objective tasks posed by the upsurge of the class struggle: across Europe, the mounting social anger and strike activity in every country tends towards the eruption of a general strike.

The task of organizing a general strike against the European Union, Macron and similar governments across Europe cannot be left to the unions, who are hostile to the movement and will not carry it out. The way forward is the formation of committees of action that can prepare and lay the basis in the working class for a real general strike, in France and across Europe, carried out in opposition to the maneuvers of the unions and the pseudo-left parties.

—Alex Lantier



Yes ! Our great Alex Lantier teaches us ! leads us ! comités d’action ! committees of action ! — here in Marseille on Saturday, it was mass, it was wild ! the young ‘casseurs’, those who break things — clumsy definition, well they came and tasted blood ! the beast has been fed ! i know some, i talk to some of these young ones burning the trash containers, breaking bank windows, oh they are so young ! this is personal hatred between them and the riot police : perhaps they’ve been beaten up and humiliated by some gendarme, or the have a brother in ‘Baumette’ the infamous jail here on planet Mars, as they call Marseille, but their hatred is visceral, cannot be turned away ! and they are so poor ! parts of Marseille are like the South Bronx was in NY — but the poor Marseillais et Marseillaises still live in the city center, we’re all immigrants and hustlers and bandits and workers here ! no, Marseille is a city of workers, proud of the work they do, and they will face Macron and his riot police, the CRS, and workers’ blood will wash into the sea here on the Old Port ! but we will still fight as we have always fought ! remember louis capet XIV, Louis XIV, ol’ twinkle-toes Sun-King himself, had the guns of the Fort Saint Jean here at the entrance to the port from the Mediterranean sea, he had the cannons pointed towards the city, towards the city ! in his fear of our notorious reputation for revolt and rebellion ! he was more afraid of us then of invaders from the sea ! as then, as now! vive Marseille ! vive les Marseillais !


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Revolutionary wisdom

Words from an Irish patriot—


“There are three kinds of violence. The first, the mother of all the others, is the institutional violence, the one that legalizes and perpetuates the dominations, the oppressions and the exploitations, the one that crushes and flattens millions of men in its silent and well oiled wheels. The second is revolutionary violence, which arises from the desire to abolish the first. The third is repressive violence, the object of which is to stifle the second by making itself the auxiliary and the accomplice of the first violence, the one that engenders all the others. There is no worse hypocrisy to call violence only the second, by pretending to forget the first, which gives birth to it, and the third which kills it. ”

Dom Helder Camara, Brazilian Archbishop and liberation theologian



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2 thoughts on “Which way forward for France’s “yellow vest” protests?

  1. So one of the tentacles of the Beast is now in a preRevolutionary state, which, if truth and justice were dominant, would have occurred long ago. However, while there is some indigestion in the Belly of the Beast,,,,,conditions are no where near as in ferment as in France. And that is where it really matters.

    It may be that by constantly provoking the Dragon and Bear, the Eagle may find itself in an untenable position, in which case, a real movement to oust the rulers will overthrow the Washingtonian Dynasty, which, by Chinese standards, is already after about 222 years (since 1776) getting a bit long in the tooth. And time speeds up in modern times.

  2. Here’s an interesting article that takes a very critical look at the Yellow Vests.

    It argues that the Yellow Vests by and large represent the “revolt” of the French labor aristocracy and this movement includes significant elements of anti-immigrant nationalism and nativism in it:

    “The fury of the French labor aristocracy over increased commodity prices, income taxes, and retirements are coupled to their rage over immigrants not speaking French, over the police not receiving high enough wages, and over what they perceive as insufficient economic nationalism. While some so-called communists will simply close their eyes to these latter demands, pretending that they do not exist or are merely tangential to what they dream is a mass proletarian and potentially insurrectionary movement, we can see the unity of imperialist social democracy and chauvinism in the ideology and political interests of parasitism….

    The Yellow Vests are not the gravediggers of capitalism, but harbingers of a rising fascism.”

    “To Live in France Means to Become French”: Fascism, Parasitism, and the Yellow Vests”

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