Playing into the hands of Ukrainian nationalists, a monument to the so-called Ukrainian “Holodomor,” one the 20th century’s most famous myths and vitriolic pieces of anti-Soviet Propaganda, has been erected in the US capital.
Remarkably, the roots of the “Holodomor” (“deliberate starvation”) myth lie in the longstanding Cold War standoff between Soviet Russia and the West. After the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, infamous Nazi collaborators — members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and their paramilitary UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army) units — fled into Western Europe and the United States, escaping punishment for their hideous crimes, including ruthless terror against peaceful Jewish, Ukrainian and Russian civilians. … In 1949 the CIA and the US State Department sponsored the OUN-UPA leaders’ immigration to the United States, planning to use them as subversion groups and intelligence agents in the Cold War against the Soviet Russia.
Hearst’s papers played the hoax big. This is the Chicago American version.
Hearst’s papers played the hoax big. This is the Chicago American version. What sensible American—or anyone else for hat matter—would like to live in the “Soviet Paradise”? The insidious propaganda did its job well, but it has never stopped.
One of them, Mykola Lebed was characterized as “a well-known sadist and collaborator of the Germans” by the CIA, according to Swedish-American historian Dr. Per Anders Rudling in his book “The OUN, the UPA and the Holocaust: A Study in the Manufacturing of Historical Myths.” However, this fact had not prevented the CIA from recruiting the former Nazi collaborator.
“Mykola Lebed [who was responsible for the murder of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia] lived in Queens, New York, until the 1990s, totally supported by the CIA or State Department,” the US expert in Soviet history Professor Grover Carr Furr of Montclair State University, narrated in an interview with Sputnik in May, 2015.
More from Hearst’s machine.
The CIA believed that Ukrainian nationalism could be used as an efficient cold war weapon.While the Ukrainian nationalists provided Washington with valuable information about its Cold War rivals, the CIA in return was placing the nationalist veterans into positions of influence and authority, helping them to create semi-academic institutions or academic positions in existing universities.
By using these formal and informal academic networks, the Ukrainian nationalists had been disseminating anti-Russian propaganda, creating myths and re-writing history at the same time whitewashing the wartime crimes of OUN-UPA.
“In 1987 the film “Harvest of Despair” was made. It was the beginning of the ‘Holodomor’ movement. The film was entirely funded by Ukrainian nationalists, mainly in Canada. A Canadian scholar, Douglas Tottle (1), exposed the fact that the film took photographs from the 1921-22 ‘Volga famine’ and used them to illustrate the 1932-33 famine. Tottle later wrote a book, ‘Fraud, Famine, and Fascism: The Ukrainian Genocide Myth from Hitler to Harvard,‘ about the phony ‘Holodomor’ issue,” Professor Furr elaborated.
One of these myths was “Holodomor” that claimed that the USSR and its leader Joseph Stalin deliberately starved to death from three to seven million Ukrainians.
“Supporters of the “Holodomor” myth remain silent about the fact that Russia (including the territory of modern Ukraine) had suffered from periodic devastating famines since the end of 19th century, long before Bolsheviks came to power in 1917…”
By Equating USSR to Nazi Germany West Covers Up Own Shameful History
After the collapse of the USSR, the Ukrainian diaspora played a substantial role in shaping the ideology of the new Ukrainian state. “Unlike many other former Soviet republics, the Ukrainian government did not need to develop new national myths from scratch, but imported ready concepts developed in the Ukrainian diaspora,” Dr. Rudling underscored. However, it was under Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko (who gained his power after the Western-sponsored Maidan uprising of 2004, also known as the Orange Revolution) when the anti-Russian myth-making caught its second wind in Ukraine. Under Yushchenko, several institutes of “memory management” and “myth making” were established in the country.
Both Russian and Western historians have questioned the “Holodomor” concept as well as evidently exaggerated number of victims of the famine of 1932-33 in Ukraine.
American historian Professor Mark B. Tauger, West Virginia University, carried out thorough research on the famine of 1932-33 in the USSR, and came to the conclusion that the disaster was due to environmental circumstances and was evidently not related to the Soviet policy in the region. … “Popular media and most historians for decades have described the great famine that struck most of the USSR in the early 1930s as “man-made,” very often a “genocide” that Stalin perpetrated intentionally against Ukrainians and sometimes other national groups to destroy them as nations… This perspective, however, is wrong. The famine that took place was not limited to Ukraine or even rural areas of the USSR, it was not fundamentally or exclusively man-made, and it was far from the intention of Stalin and others in the Soviet leadership to create such as disaster. A small but growing literature relying on new archival documents and a critical approach to other sources has shown the flaws in the “genocide” or “intentionalist” interpretation of the famine and has developed an alternative interpretation,” Tauger wrote in his research work “Review of R.W. Davies and Stephen G. Wheatcroft,The Years of Hunger: Soviet Agriculture, 1931-1933.”
Tauger stressed that climatic conditions played the main role in the famine of 1932-33.
Paradoxically, supporters of the “Holodomor” myth remain silent about the fact that Russia (including the territory of modern Ukraine) had suffered from periodic devastating famines since the end of 19th century, long before Bolsheviks came to power in 1917. They also ignore the fact that there were serious famines in 1920-21, 1924, 1927 and 1928.
Interestingly enough, official Soviet Ukrainian primary sources show that the 1928-29 famine, caused by natural disaster, mainly draught, was very serious, and Ukraine received more aid from the Soviet government, than it sent to other parts of the USSR. This obviously disproves the false theory of the Ukrainian nationalists’ “malicious” conspiracy against Ukrainian peasants in the Soviet Union, noted Grover Furr in his book “Blood Lies: The Evidence that Every Accusation Against Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union in Timothy Snyder’s Bloodlands Is False.”
Unapologetic Neonazis: The Azov Battalion. It was even sponsored by a Jrwish-Ukrainian oligarch.
In response to historians who suggest that the Ukrainian peasants starved and suffered especially because of Collectivization — Stalin’s policy of the early 1930s aimed at consolidating individual lands into collective farms — Tauger emphasized:
“These studies minimize or ignore the actual harvest data, the environmental factors that caused low harvests, the repeated recovery from the famine and crop failures, the large harvests of the 1930s, the mechanization of Soviet farms in these years, Soviet population growth, and the long-term increases in food production and consumption over the Soviet period” (“Soviet Peasants and Collectivization, 1930-1939).
According to the scholar, although the Stalin regime implemented collectivization “coercively,” the policy “brought substantial modernization to traditional agriculture in the Soviet Union, and laid the basis for relatively high food production and consumption by the 1970s and 1980s” (“Stalin, Soviet Agriculture and Collectivization, 1930-1939”). Remarkably, the famine of 1932-33 was the last famine that struck the Soviet Union with the exception for the famine of 1946-47 the country suffered from after the Second World War.
… Although the “Holodomor” myth was never based upon credible evidence and there are enough authentic sources to prove that it is a hoax, it is simply taken for granted. Unsurprisingly, Washington supports the myth as a part of its recent Cold War-style anti-Russian campaign. Alas, even repeated a thousand times a lie will never become the truth.
[box] Amazon reviewer David Chirko files excellent, comprehensive comment on Tottle’s Holodomor debunking book by Tottle. We note that the book by Tottle is not available (out of print!). It figures. [/box]
Before I review the work in question, let me first say that back on April 27, 1983, Bob McKeown of CBC TV’s “The Fifth Estate” program did a one-sided story, produced by Oleh Rumak, on the alleged 1932-3 famine in Ukraine, entitled “The Ukrainian Famine.” During 1988, when speaking with visiting, paternal relatives–though of Belarusan/Polish ancestry, but residents of that area, I was apprised that no such famine during these, albeit trying, times ever took place. Incidentally, my aforementioned relatives are practising Christians with no pro-Communist ties.Let me also add that a reliable source regarding the famine issue is an article by Ann Elwood, named, “(9.) Severe Crop Failure In Soviet Union [from] Hearst newspapers, 1935” under “9 Memorable Newspaper Stories That Never Happened” of Chapter 10. “Communications” in “The People’s Almanac #3” by David Wallechinsky and Irving Wallace (Toronto: Bantam Books, 1981, page 420). It explains how the “famine” was really a newspaper hoax concocted by the anti-Soviet, anti-semitic and very powerful publishing magnate, William Randolph Hearst, who, through the services of forgerer, ex-jailbird from a Colorado state prison, and self-styled reporter, Robert Green–alias Thomas Walker, utilized a series of photographs from the 1921 Volga famine to create the illusion of mass starvation in Ukraine (where he never set foot in), in the 1930’s.
Regardless of the factual aspect of a scenario Hearst wished to distort, he was once quoted as saying, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war.” Lindsay Parrot, foreign correspondent, spoke elsewhere in the same Hearst newspapers (if and when it was allowed to be printed) of the abundant harvest in Ukraine!Space doesn’t permit me to cover all of the enlightening points in Douglas Tottle’s “Fraud, Famine and Fascism” book. However, I’ll start by saying it is a landmark volume that debunks the famine myth by elaborating on how the Hearst misinformation campaign evolved in the 1930’s, in conjunction with publications by Hitler’s Nazis, who, in 1934, acceded to buying world news from Hearst’s International News Service. This presaged the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union (who some did not want in the League of Nations, either). The campaign was later developed during the Cold War by Ukrainian Nationalist post World War II emigrants, some of whom fill posts in North American universities’ East European studies departments, using their spurious scholarship to cover up atrocities they committed earlier in their homeland, and who accuse the “Jewish state apparatus” and Soviets of masterminding the “famine.”
Of note here is Yurij Chumatskyj’s anti-semitic work, “Why Is One Holocaust Worth More Than Others?” (Lidcombe, Australia: Veterans of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, 1986), which Tottle examines.
Tottle then observes that the number of “famine victims” changed incessantly in the literature–20 accounts, from 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 souls–and the figures keep growing (to about 15,000,000 today!), regardless of the fact that the census of Ukraine reported that the population was augmented by 3,339,000 from 1926-1939 (some losses can be accounted for because 2-3 million Kuban Cossacks living in Ukraine were registered as Russians in the late 1920’s). The “Communist Terror,” a la McCarthy, also required a larger number of famine deaths than the number of Jews who were slaughtered earlier, to become a cynosure for the far right. They got help here from the Ukrainian Nationalists. Tottle leads us to muse, as well, on who would be left to till the fields and feed the country with such a deficit. Also, considering the enormous military and civilian losses Ukraine suffered during World War II, amounting to, historians say 10,000,000–on top of the 7,000,000 (all from the eastern part of the country!) out of an ethnic population of 25,000,000, famine believers say they lost earlier, how Ukraine could end up with 37,000,000 ethnic Ukrainians out of a total population of about 50,000,000 in the country by the beginning of the 1980’s! And what was done with all those bodies and were any of the huge graves located? Why, the front pages of North America’s newspapers would be flooded with such a fantastic story (if it were true) today!
Tottle then comments on former British Secret Service agent (and past member of the Communist Party, which he had joined in 1937!) Robert Conquest’s (said to be paid $80,000 by a Ukrainian Nationalist organization to write) historically inaccurate, “The Harvest Of Sorrow” (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1986), with similar, bogus research the Nationalists employ and purveyed him with. This book (and a similar film, described below) came out not so long after the Canadian parliament established, on February 7, 1985, under Mr. Justice Jules Deschenes, the “Deschenes Commission,” an independent Commission of Inquiry on War Criminals, residing in Canada. Coincidence, or a diversionary tactic to help the public alter its focus from the persecutors to “the persecuted”?Of special interest is Tottle’s review of the “famine” and related propaganda found in “Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopedia,” 2 volumes, edited by Volodymyr Kubijovyc (who, Tottle ascertained, found it arduous differentiating history from propaganda–for his own reasons), published by the University of Toronto Press, 1963 and 1971. (Can’t say I remember seeing “Anti-semitism,” “Babi Yar Massacre,” “Beilis Case,” “Chmielnicki Massacres,” “Ukrainian-led Pogroms,” etc., referred to in this whitewashed encyclopedia; there was also precious little mentioned on the enormous cultural contribution Jews made to the Ukraine–go figure.)Finally, Tottle exposes famine-genocide propaganda used in the Canadian-made and taxpayer-funded film, “Harvest Of Despair,” which only PBS, on “Firing Line,” September 19, 1986–but none of the three major American networks (citing inadequate documentation)–bothered to air. Journalists and famine belief devotees Christopher Hitchens, Harrison Salisbury (who, after viewing the film, responded to host William F. Buckley’s query about the film to he and Mr. Conquest, “…did either of you detect any inaccuracies or distortions…?” by even saying, “…it’s a mishmash of all kinds of things put together…”; he was correct for there appear, in bits and/or sequences, pre-1917 news films, and other films, like “Czar Hunger,” 1921-2, “Arsenal,” 1929 and “Siege of Leningrad,” 2nd World War; the inauthenticity reminiscent of Hearst’s publications) and, of course, Robert Conquest, were guests on this episode. There was no mention of Messrs. Hearst and Walker in the film or by the panelists after viewing it. Many of the interviewed “eyewitnesses” of the alleged famine in the film were shown to be, by Tottle, of–let us say—less than exemplary background.
Regarding the farmers’ response to oppressive collectivization efforts by the Soviets, the film’s narrator says, “…some farmers burn their crops, kill their livestock and flee to the cities” and, later on, “…by simply refusing to work.” One has to ask oneself, how much of whatever hardship that existed, was perpetrated by the kulaks to begin with? Tottle explains that it was, in fact, draught, sabotage and inability to adapt to the new collective regime, that made anyone perish.
To corroborate Tottle’s above assertions, please also look at Don Cumming’s December 15, 1986 article (pages 56-7, Volume 99, Number 50) in “Mclean’s,” called “Stalin’s War Against The Peasants,” where the authenticity of the “Harvest Of Despair ” film is questioned by its very researcher, Marco Carynnyk, who claims copyright violation of the photos used in said. (Remember that Ukrainian Nationalist poster picture of the woman–who doesn’t, in any event, appear to be abstemious–with the flapper hat, seated on a bench, holding the naked “frog child”? Well, that’s plagiarized from a publication describing the Russian famine from the early 1920’s!) In the same article, Douglas Tottle dismisses the notion that he is a Soviet sympathizer by asseverating he had no connection with the (former) Soviet Embassy when writing his book and never got any remuneration for his three years of research on it. Special note: after the publication of Tottle’s book, when Mikhail Gorbachev’s “free press” opened the Archives of the Central Committee in 1990, research of documents revealed no genocidal famine occurred in Ukraine in the 1930’s, but this fact seems to have been met with silence by the hoaxers. (Gorbachev did admit earlier that there was Soviet complicity in the “Katyn Forest Massacre”–the murder(s) of 22,000 Polish POWs, near Smolensk, Russia, April-May, 1940, but that’s another issue and book.)
My only peeve with this superlative book is that it lacks an index–which would be most helpful. Tottle’s book is mandatory reading for those seeking verisimilitude regarding William Randolph Hearst’s yellow journalism and anti-semitic, famine propaganda campaign folklore. To conclude, I will say that I am not Left on the political spectrum. I know that Stalin sent many of his opponents to the Gulags–or had them murdered outright. However, he did not deliberately have starved to death millions of Ukrainians in 1932-3. Douglas Tottle’s “Fraud, Famine and Fascism” amply proves this. Read it and remember: propaganda is insidiously seductive and it is granted by the hand of he who bedazzled you.
FACT TO REMEMBER: IF THE WESTERN MEDIA HAD ITS PRIORITIES IN ORDER AND ACTUALLY INFORMED, EDUCATED AND UPLIFTED THE MASSES INSTEAD OF SHILLING FOR A GLOBAL EMPIRE OF ENDLESS WARS, OUTRAGEOUS ECONOMIC INEQUALITY, AND DEEPENING DEVASTATION OF NATURE AND THE ANIMAL WORLD, HORRORS LIKE THESE WOULD HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED MANY YEARS, PERHAPS DECADES AGO. EVERY SINGLE DAY SOCIAL BACKWARDNESS COLLECTS ITS OWN INNUMERABLE VICTIMS.